The millennial generation has shown quite an interest and concern when it comes to the maintenance of their body. Because of this increasing awareness doctors have recommended different kinds of diets as per the individual based on their goal which can be weight loss, weight gain, lowering cholesterol and living a long healthy life among many others.
A diet can be defined as a fixed regime of eating and drinking that includes planning the amount and type of food to be consumed in order to achieve a particular lifestyle.

Here is a list of 10 most popular diets

1. Atkins diet
The Atkins diet focuses on low-carbohydrate diet to control the levels of insulin in the blood. Consumption of large amounts of carbohydrates (refined) leads to rise and fall in insulin levels, which triggers the body in storing energy from the food that we had just consumed. This prevents the burning of stored fat as a fuel for energy.
Therefore, people following Atkins diet believe in avoiding carbs but eat as much protein and fat as they want to.
Although Atkins diet have certain risks with it. So before starting it, you should first consult your doctor.

2. The Zone diet
The zone diet focuses on a balanced meal every time you eat. It aims for a nutritional balance of 40% carbs, 30% fats and 30% protein in each meal. Zone diet can also help in controlling insulin levels making it easier to have a successful weight loss than other approaches.
Zone diet encourages you to consume high-quality carbohydrates like unrefined carbs and fats such as avocado, olive oil and nuts.

3. Ketogenic diet 
Ketogenic diet was initially used for the treatment of epilepsy for decades. Later it was explored for other uses. It involves upping fat intake and reducing carbohydrate intake. In this diet the body is forced to burn fat rather than carbohydrates as a fuel. This will lead to break down of fat as fuel and formation of ketones, this process is called ketosis.
Coconuts, seeds, avocados, Brazil nuts, olive oil and oily fish which are healthy fats are added in this diet to maintain the overall emphasis on fat.
Although, ketogenic did has certain risks. It can lead to ketoacidosis which is typically seen in people with type-1 diabetes, which may result in diabetic coma and in some cases death.

4. The Paleo diet
The Paleo diet mostly involves abandoning the entire sugar intake. The only sugar consumption in this diet is from fruit. However it also includes elimination of grains and processed foods. The main focus of Paleo diet is to reduce the amount of carbohydrates in your body which will decrease the amount of glucose. In this condition your system will begin to burn fat as a fuel instead of carbohydrates. Not only sugars, processed foods and grains but also dairy products are eliminated.
So what can we eat here? Paleo diet includes fowl, fish, vegetables, nuts, fruits, oils, sweet potatoes, meat and eggs. But the meat should be grass-fed instead of grain-fed.

5. Vegetarian diet
There are different kinds of vegetarian diet: fruitarian vegetarian, lacto-vegetarian, lacto-ovo vegetarian, ovo-vegetarian, living food diet vegetarian, semi-vegetarian and pesco-vegetarian.
Lacto-ovo vegetarians are in the majority of them all. Except for dairy, eggs and honey, they avoid all the other animal-based foods.
According to some studies conducted over the last few years, it has been seen that vegetarians suffer less from diseases, have lower body weight and have longer life expectancy than those who eat meat.

6. Vegan diet
Veganism is more than just a diet. It is a way of life and a philosophy. A vegan avoids anything that is animal-based which includes dairy, honey and eggs. Vegans adopt veganism not for just health reasons but also for ethical, compassionate and environmental reasons.
According to a vegan mentality, using modern intensive farming methods can be very bad for environment and unsustainable in general in the long term. If all the people ate plant-based foods, animals would suffer less, increment in the food production would be experienced and environment would benefit. People will have better physical and mental health in general.

7. Weight Watchers diet
The main aim of weight watchers is to lose weight through diet and also exercising and a support network.
Weight Watchers Incorporation was started by a homemaker in 1960s that had lost weight and got concerned she might gain it back. So, she started a network of people. It is huge company today, with branches all over the world.
Dieters join the company either physically, attending the regular meetings or online. In both the cases, lots of education and support is available for the dieter.

8. South Beach diet
Started by Dr. Agatston, a cardiologist and Marie Almon, a nutritionist, South beach diet focuses on controlling insulin levels through the benefits of unrefined slow carbs from fast carbs.
The diet was devised during the 90s because Dr. Agatston was not in the support of high-carb, low-fat dirt backed by the American Heart Association. According to him, low-fat regimes are not effective in the long term.

9. Raw food diet
As the name suggests, raw food diet involves the consumption of completely plant-based foods (ideally organic) and avoiding processed foods.
According to this diet’s theory, a person’s food intake should have at least three-quarters of uncooked food. In a study it was found that a significant number of raw food dieters are also vegans and do not have anything that is animal based.

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ISHITA LOHANI has been active in the health and nutrition field from the past five years. She has a freelance career in Food, Nutrition and Lifestyle writing. She has authored two books: “Eating healthy for life” and “Weight loss tricks: Top 10 weight loss hacks”. Having a graduate degree in food science and technology, her opinion of the lifestyle front is simple yet connectable.


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